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abstain

[əbˈsteɪn]

verb глагол

прошедшее время (past simple): abstained.
причастие прошедшего времени (past participle): abstained.

Синонимы: forgo.

  1. воздержаться

    abstain from voting
    воздержаться от голосования

    abstain from meats
    воздерживаться от мяса

  2. воздерживаться от голосования

Примеры предложений

The doctor advised him to abstain from drinking.
Врач посоветовал ему воздержаться от выпивки.

The doctor has ordered the patient to abstain from wine.
Доктор предписал пациенту отказаться от вина.

My father tries to abstain from drinking.
Мой отец пытается воздержаться от питья.

I had to abstain from smoking while I was in the hospital.
Мне приходилось воздерживаться от курения, пока я был в больнице.

Can you abstain from smoking for a week?
Ты можешь в течение недели воздерживаться от курения?

They abstain from alcohol.
Они воздерживаются от употребления алкоголя.

I abstain.
Я воздерживаюсь.

Формы глагола

Present Simple
I abstain We abstain
You abstain You abstain
He/She/It abstains They abstain
Past Simple
I abstained We abstained
You abstained You abstained
He/She/It abstained They abstained
Future Simple
I will abstain We will abstain
You will abstain You will abstain
He/She/It will abstain They will abstain

Present Continuous
I am abstaining We are abstaining
You are abstaining You are abstaining
He/She/It is abstaining They are abstaining
Past Continuous
I was abstaining We were abstaining
You were abstaining You were abstaining
He/She/It was abstaining They were abstaining
Future Continuous
I will be abstaining We will be abstaining
You will be abstaining You will be abstaining
He/She/It will be abstaining They will be abstaining

Present Perfect
I have abstained We have abstained
You have abstained You have abstained
He/She/It has abstained They have abstained
Past Perfect
I had abstained We had abstained
You had abstained You had abstained
He/She/It had abstained They had abstained
Future Perfect
I will have abstained We will have abstained
You will have abstained You will have abstained
He/She/It will have abstained They will have abstained

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